Coconut Farming: Golden Tips for 40% better Yield
Comments Off on Coconut Farming: Golden Tips for 40% better Yield
Coconut Farming: Golden Tips for 40% better Yield
Share :
Reading Time: 14 minutes

Coconut Farming: An Introduction 

Coconut farming plays a significant part in the economy of India. Aside from the significance of copra and coconut oil which are generally utilized in the assembling of cleansers, hair oil, beauty care products, and other modern items, its husk is a source of fibre that upholds a sizable coir industry.  

The delicate nut supplies coconut water, a well-known refreshment drink; with health benefits which is worth a multi-crore business everywhere in India. Virgin coconut oil (VCO), extricated from new and fresh coconut portions with next to no synthetic chemicals is plentiful in nutrients, minerals, and anti-oxidants, hence making it the mother, of all oils. 

Climatic conditions requirements 

The coconut palm is found to develop under changing climatic circumstances. It is basically a tropical plant growing generally between 20 N 20 S latitudes. In any case, precipitation of around 2000 mm each year, well distributed all through, is great for quality growth and development along with maximum production. 

Soil conditions requirements 

Coconut farming is performed under various soil types, for example, loamy, laterite, seaside sandy, alluvial, clayey, and recovered soils of the muddy marshes.  

The ideal soil conditions for better development of the palm are planned drainage, great water-holding limit, the presence of water table inside 3m, and also the non-appearance of any rock or hard base within 2m of the surface. 

coconut farmingcoconut farming

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Coconut Varieties 

There are just two particular varieties of coconut, the tall and the dwarf. 

The tall cultivars which are widely grown are the West Coast Tall and East Coast Tall. The dwarf variety is more limited in height and its life expectancy is short when compared with the tall one.  

Tall x Dwarf (TxD), Dwarf x Tall (DxT) are the two significant crossovers. 

There are 10 different blends of half and halves, created by Kerala Agriculture University and Tamil Nadu Agriculture University and delivered for business development. They are high yielders under great management conditions.  

Laccadive Ordinary, Andaman Ordinary, Philippines, Java, Cochin-China, Kappadam, and so on are the other tall cultivars being cultivated. 

 

Irrigation requirements for Coconut Farming 

Coconut cultivations grow well when irrigated following the summer irrigation technique, for example, summer irrigation at 40 liters for each palm per week increments the yield of coconuts by 50%.  

Under basin irrigation systems, 200 liters for each palm once in four days proves to be highly advantageous.  

In regions where water is scarce, drip irrigation systems can be taken on. The amount of water suggested for the drip water system in coconut is 66% of the open pan evaporation. 

coconut farming

Manuring Requirement for Coconut Plantations 

Regular manuring from the primary year of farming is fundamental to accomplish higher productivity. For coconut farming, 20 to 50kg of natural and organic manure ought to be applied per palm each year, with the onset of the southwest monsoon when the soil moisture content is high.  

Various types of natural fertilizers like manure, yard compost, bone feast, fish dinner, blood supper, neem cake, groundnut cake, and so on could be used in Coconut farming.  

 

Harvesting 

Coconuts are harvested at different times of the year. The frequency of harvest is different in various regions depending upon the yield of the trees. In well-maintained cultivation with high-yielding palms, bunches are delivered consistently and harvesting is done one per month.  

Coconuts ripe and mature in around a year post the opening of the spathe. It is the ripe coconut that is the contributor to major and significant coconut items. Coconuts which are eleven months old produce fibres of good quality and can be gathered in the lots where green husks are required for the manufacturing of coir fibre. The economic life of a coconut plant is around 65 years. 

 

coconut farmingcoconut farming

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UTKARSH Integrated Fertilizer in Coconut Farming 

 

  • Fertilizer & Spray Program for 1 acre 

 COCONUT FERTIGATION SCHEDULE 

Stage of crop  Fertilizer application 

method 

Time for use  Name of products  Quantity in kg/liter 
Before sowing  Soil application   

Basal dose 

Compost  20-25 kg/tree 
SSP  0.5 kg/tree 
Urea  1 kg/tree 
MOP  2.0 kg/tree 
    After 6 months of 

planting 

Compost  10 

kg/tree/year 

2nd year    Rainfed conditions – apply in 2 split doses, 1/3rd at time of monsoon showers in April-June and 2/3rd in September- october.  Compost  20 

kg/tree/year 

Urea  300 g/plant 
Single Super 

phosphate 

500 g/plant 
MOP  500 g/plant 
  Combi Soil  50 gm/plant 
3rd year  Compost  30 

kg/plant/year 

Urea  600 g/plant 
Single Super 

phosphate 

1000 g/plant 

 

   

 

Soil application 

Irrigation Conditions – In 3 or 4 equal split, April-May, August- September, December and February- March  MOP  1000 g/plant 
  Combi Soil  100 gm/plant 
4th year  Compost  40 

kg/plant/year 

Urea  900 g/plant 
Single Super 

phosphate 

1500 g/plant 
MOP  1500 g/plant 
  Combi Soil  150 gm/plant 
5th and 6th year  Compost  50 

kg/plant/year 

Urea  1300 g/plant 
Super 

phosphate 

2000 g/plant 
MOP  2000 g/plant 
  Combi Soil  200 gm/plant 
7th years onwards  Compost  60-70 

kg/plant/year 

Urea  1500 g/plant 
Super 

phosphate 

2500 g/plant 
MOP  2500 g/plant 
Combi Soil  200 gm/plant 
Magnesium 

sulphate 

500 

gm/palm/year 

Note: After every fertilizer application, In 200 litre water, take 1 kg Microbes. 

Give 4-5 litre solution where fertilizer is applied. 

SPRAY AND DRENCHING SCHEDULE 
         
Stalk emergence  Drenching    Horse 

power 

15 litre/acre 
      Roots 

multiplier 

2 litre/acre 
      Stress free  2 litre/acre 
Inflorescence 

stage 

Drenching  After 2 month of stalk 

emergence 

Horse 

power 

15 litre/acre 
    Roots 

multiplier 

2 litre/acre 
      Stress free  2 litre/acre 
Fruit size 

Development 

Drenching    13:00:45  5 kg/acre 
      F enhancer  1 kg/acre 
      Bhim Plus  500 ml/acre 
Fruit quality  Drenching    Combi-2  500 gm/acre 
      00:00:50  5 kg/acre 
Maturity  Drenching  At 9 to 12 month 

stage 

00:00:50  5 kg/acre 
    F enhancer  500 gm/acre 
         
Insects observed  Drenching  Rhinoceros 

Beetle 

GrubNIL  2 ml/liter 
  Filling the 

crown 

Red palm 

weevil 

Neemoz CP  3-4 ml/liter 
  Root feeding  Black headed 

Caterpillar 

Neemoz CP  3-4 ml/liter 
    Rats  Neemoz CP  3-4 ml/liter 
  Root 

feeding 

Scale insect  Neemoz CP  3-4 ml/liter 
  Spraying  Mealy bug  Bio Clean 

Sweep 

4 ml/litre 
  Root 

feeding 

White Grub  GrubNIL  2 ml/liter 
  Root 

feeding 

Termites  TermNIL  2 ml/liter 
  Root 

feeding 

Eriophid 

Mite 

Neemoz CP  3-4 ml/liter 
         
Disease Observed  Drenching  Bud rot  FungFree  2 ml/liter 
  Spraying  Leaf rot  FungFree  2 ml/liter 
  Drenching or with 

compost 

Stem Bleeding  FungFree  2 ml/liter 
  Drenching  Root(Wilt)  FungFree  2 ml/liter 
  Drenching  Tanjavur 

wilt 

FungFree  2 ml/liter 

 

Watch our Webinar Recording of Coconut Farming:

 

उत्कर्ष के संग आपकी हर फसल होगी सफल।

Available on UtkarshAgro.com | Amazon | Flipkart | AgriBegri | Bighaat | Moglix | Agrosiaa | Toolsvila | Agri junction | Krishisuvidha | Ecotika | Shopee | Bazzu.in

Visit Website: https://www.utkarshagro.com/

𝐂𝐎𝐃 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐄𝐌𝐈 𝐨𝐩𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧𝐬 𝐚𝐫𝐞 𝐧𝐨𝐰 𝐚𝐯𝐚𝐢𝐥𝐚𝐛𝐥𝐞.

 

May you have the best yield ever! Feel free to contact Utkarsh for any doubts and advice.

If you have any further queries, feel free to reach out to us on 919824133044, +919924864422, +919824300544

Landline: 02621-255972

Visit our website:  https://utkarshagro.com/

Email ID: [email protected]

Stay connected with us to learn more tips and tricks. All you have to do is follow us here:

Chat: wa.me/918866543678

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/utkarshagrochem/

Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/utkarshagrochem/

Twitter: https://twitter.com/UAgrochem

LinkedIn:  https://www.linkedin.com/company/utkarsh-agrochem-pvt-ltd/

Pinterest: https://in.pinterest.com/utkarshagrochemsocial/

Written by:
Pratik Sinha
Affiliate Writer with Monkey Ads

 

 

0

TOP

X