7 Important Stages of Rose Farming

May 19, 2023

7 Important Stages of Rose Farming

Rose Farming – An Introduction

The scientific name of the rose is “Rosa” and it has its place in the “Rosaceae” family. Rose flowers and Rose oil are exceptionally demanded in the nearby market as well as in the worldwide market. It finds itself as the main attraction in the global market.

Mostly, rose plants are six ft high from the land. The states of Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and West Bengal are the most rose to cultivate project states in India. The effective and successful rose cultivating process for the most part relies upon the varieties of rose flowers. In the most recent innovations, there are many rose planting techniques that are accessible however rose cultivation when practiced in a proper and effective manner gives the best results.

Basic Requirements for an effective Rose Farming

  • Climate and soil
  • Sowing
  • Nutrient requirement
  • Inter cultivation
  • Water Management
  • Pest and disease management
  • Harvesting and Yield


Climate Requirements for Rose Farming

More sunlight, tacky and moderate temperature going from 15°C to 28°C are considered as ideal conditions for rose improvement in the tropical and subtropical climatic province of India.

The minimum light duration expected for good blossom yield is – 12 hours

The most significant climatic variables that assume a significant part in the rate of nuisances and sicknesses influencing the development and blooming is – Humidity

At a temperature underneath 15°C, roses might be developed, yet the gap between flushes becomes longer. At higher temperatures, say above 30°C, roses can be developed given high moistness is kept up with and dissipation is dialed back.


Soil Conditions for Rose Farming

Roses favor very much depleted soil that is wealthy in natural matter and oxygen. Ranch Yard Manure can be added to make the dirt wealthy in fertilizer.

Numerous cultivators lean toward natural matter as high as 30% in the main 30 cm of the developing beds.

Roses can be filled well in the soil of PH scope of 6 to 6.5. Soil loosening on beds is expected following 4 to 6 months or so, quite possibly the soil becomes hard and it must be released for a productive water system so the blossom yield is high.


Land and Bed Preparation for Sowing

To carry soil to a fine tilth, furrowing and digging activities are done. Getting the bed ready for development, 4 to 6 months prior to planting.

Rose Farming stage 1

While planning a bed for rose development, add 2 tons of all-around deteriorated cow fertilizer and 2 kg of Super Phosphate in soil. Then, at that point, do evening-out activity for uniform bed development. Developing rose on the bed is more productive than filling separately in pit.

  • 1-1.6 m wide,
  • 30-40 m long and
  • 15-20 cm/ 30-40 cm height
  • 5-0.75 m between two beds

Sanitize media with steam at 70-100oC for 30 minutes or use methyl Bromide @ 25-30 g/M2/10 ml/cuft for 24-48 hr or Formalin @ 7.5-10.0 l/100 M2 or Utkarsh Silver H2O2 @ 2 liters/section of land or Basamid (Dazomet) @ 30-40 g/M2


Spacing and Planting for Rose Farming

0.75 m from one pit to another and 0.75 m from one column to another in low thickness development accordingly obliging around 7,000 plants for every section of land with plant thickness 1.73 plants/m2.

In the event of greenhouse culture, high thickness establishing will oblige around 28,000 plants for each section of land having plant thickness 7 plants/m2. Standard roses are planted at a dividing of 90-100 cm. Plantlets are planted following seven days of topping off the pits.

Key Points to be taken care of while Planting:

  • 6–18-month-old budded plants may be planted during May-June.
  • Planting may be in a 2-row system.
  • Per compartment of 6.40 metre, 6 rows of plants can be planned.
  • The distance between the plants in one row varies around 15-20 cm.
  • This results in 7 to 8 plants per meter square.
  • Removing all the broken and bruised leaves while planting is important in rose farming.

Rose Farming Stage 2               Rose Farming stage 3


The best season to cultivate the Rose is between September to October. The rose plant needs managing/slicing every once in a while. It requires Organic matter which incorporates Farm Yard Manure (FMY) and a few composts at the hour of planting.


Manuring and Fertilizers

The best opportunity to add natural compost is at the hour of pruning. FYM, leaf form, and oil cakes are great wellsprings of nitrogen. It is smarter to apply composts in a blend, for example, ‘roxe blend’. Rose Mix can be ready as:

Neem cake – 5 kg

Bonemeal – 5 kg

Ammophos – 2 kg

Sulphate of Ammonia – 1 kg

Superphosphate – 2 kg

Sulphate of Potash – 1kg


100 g of this blend can be utilized per plant. The chelated mixtures of iron, magnesium and manganese are accessible in the market which is useful in drawing out the full shade of blossoms.

As a rule, each rose plant expects around 20-30 g urea, 30-50 g single superphosphate, 20-30 g sulfate of potash and oil cakes ½ kg to 1 kg in 2-3 split portions is suggested each year.


Irrigation and Water Management

Irrigation is done twice a week from October to March, Thrice a week from April to June. No water system is expected during the stormy season.

Water systems should not bring about waterlogging.

3 a month in the wake of establishing a dribble water system might be utilized for uniform watering. Each plant has to be watered at one liter/plant/day.

A drip irrigation system is recommended; as each plant receives an equal amount of water. By providing the water straightforwardly on the preparing blend, the actual plant doesn’t become wet (so forestalling sicknesses).

Rose Farming stage 4                                         Rose Farming stage 5



Harvesting is finished with a sharp item at the phase of tight bud when the shading is completely settled and the petals have not yet begun unfurling. Harvesting the blossom buds is done at the tight bud stage for a longer distance. At reap it regularly was practiced to scale back to the initial 5-leaf stage.

Subsequently, it is prescribed for scaling back to simply over the first cutting.

Yield starts 4-5 months after planting. Flower yield goes from 100-150 stems, 200-225, and 250-350 stems for every meter square in huge half breed tea, medium sorts, and little and splashes, individually.


Customized UTKARSH Integrated Fertilizer Management Chart for effective cultivation and efficient protection against Pests and Diseases

Fertilizer & Spray Program for 1 acre/per plant

Rose Fertigation Schedule

Stage of crop Fertilizer application



Time for use Name of products Quantity in kg/liter
Before plantation Soil Basal dose FYM 40 %
application Soil 40%
In pit of size Leaf mould 10%
45 cm x 45 Oil cake 10%
cm x 30 cm and bone
per plant meal
Urea 25 gm/plant
DAP 30 gm/plant
SOP – 40 gm/plant
Combi Soil 10 gm
Root development Drenching After 7 days Microbes 3 kg/acre
In 200 litre of plantation Vamoz L 1.5
water litre/acre
microbes 1
kg + Vamoz
L 0.5 litre –
per plant


100 ml

Main Stem formation Drenching In 200 litre water – Horse power 5 litre+ stress free 500 ml


+ Roots multiplier – 1 litre – Per plant 100


After 15-20 days of plantation Horse



15 litre/acre
Stress Free 1.5



Roots Multiplier 3 litre/acre
Main stem elongation spray 30-45 days after plantation Prime all 2 gm/litre
Stress Free 1 ml/litre
Combi – 2 1 gm/litre
Bud Development and plant growth and health Soil application Every 3 months after pruning Compost 6-10



Urea 15 gm/plant
DAP 20 gm/plant



25 gm/plant
Bud Development and plant growth and health Drenching with water in roots Every 3 months after pruning Horse



2 ml/plant
Stress Free 0.25






0.5 ml/plant
Bud development Spray 10 days after pruning Bhim Plus 0.5 ml/litre



10 ml/litre
F-Plus 1 ml/litre
At Full Bloom – for quality and size Spray 13:00:45 7 gm/litre
F-Enhancer 1 gm/litre
Bhim Plus 0.5 ml/litre
Insects observed Spray Aphid Bio Clean



2 ml/liter
Spray Whitefly Bio Clean



2 ml/liter
Spray Mite Bio Clean



2 ml/liter
Spray Jassids Bio Clean



2 ml/liter
Spray Leaf Minor Neemoz CP 4 ml/litre
Spray Mealy Bugs Bio Clean



4 ml/liter
Spray Thrips Bio Clean



2 ml/liter
Spray Scale insect Neemoz CP 4 ml/liter
Spray Caterpillar


and sawfly

Bio Clean



2 ml/liter
Drenching White



TermiNIL 5 ml/litre
Drenching Nematodes NematoNIL 2 ml/litre
Diseases observed Spray Black Spot FungFree 2 ml/liter
Spray Powdery



FungFree 2 ml/liter
Drenching Stem Canker


& Dieback

FungFree 2 ml/liter
Spray Rust FungFree 2 ml/liter
Spray Botrytis Blight FungFree 2 ml/liter
Drenching Crown Gall FungFree 2 ml/liter
Spray Rose Rosette



FungFree 2 ml/liter
Spray Mosaic Virus Viroz,



3 ml/liter



To know more about Rose farming, Watch our Webinar Recording of Profitable  Rose Farming:

Utkarsh Agrochem

Utkarsh Agrochem aims to help and assist you with all your requirements and doubts regarding Rose Farming or any type of farming needs.

Do visit us for any queries, guidance or requirements, for starting or setting up your plantation. Utkarsh Agrochem is your one-stop destination for all your farming needs.


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All the products mentioned in this blog can be found on Amazon as well as the website of Utkarsh. Also, the method of application and the required dose can be easily found on our Website –

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Written by:                                                                                                              Pratik Sinha                                                                                                            Affiliate Writer with Monkey Ads

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