7 Important Stages for Profitable Cumin Farming
May 19, 2023
Profitable Cumin Farming
Introduction to Cumin
Cumin seed is local to the country of Egypt, but it presently is also cultivated in nations like India, North Africa, and China.
Cumin popularly known as Jeera or Zeera in India is a significant spice utilized in Indian kitchens consistently for seasoning different food arrangements. Cumin seeds are utilized in different ayurvedic-natural drugs likewise particularly for stomach torment, obesity, and digestion.
Major cumin seed cultivation in India happens in the state of Gujarat and Rajasthan.
Health Benefits of Cumin
The medical advantages of Cumin include its capacity to help extraordinarily indigestion, improvement in immunity and treating piles, asthma, sleep deprivation, skin problems, respiratory issues, bronchitis, common cold, lactation, iron deficiency, cancerous and malignant growth.
Local Names of Cumin in India
Jeera (Hindi) ,Jīlakarra [జీలకర్ర ] (Telugu), J(ch)eeragam. (Tamil), Jeerige (Kannada), Jeerakam (Malayalam), Jirē [जि रे] (Marathi), Jeerae (Bengali).
Climate Required for Cumin Farming
Cumin crops do not sustain well in moist, humid, and heavy rainfall climatic conditions. It flourishes well in moderate dry and cooler environments along with sub-tropical heat and humidity.
Soil Required for Cumin Farming
Cumin cultivation requires loamy soils with great drainage enhanced with organic matter. In the event that you are making arrangements for commercial cultivation, one ought to choose a field in which cumin cultivating has not been taken up at a minimum during the last 3 to 4 years.
Propagation in Cumin Farming
Seeds are the primary way for the propagation of Cumin commercially.
Sowing in Cumin Farming
The winter months of November and December providing the moderately day and cool climate are the best time for sowing of Cumin seeds.
Seed Rate in Cumin Farming
Approximately 12 to 16 kgs of cumin seedlings per hectare of the field are usually sufficient.
Weed control in Cumin Farming
Weed is a significant issue in cumin cultivating. Cumin cultivation usually requires weeding at 1 month and 2 months after planting cumin seed. Thinning activities are ought to be conveyed during initial digging.
Weeds likewise can also be constrained by the utilization of herbicides. Applying pre-emanant Terbutryn or Oxcadiazone at 0.5 to 1.0 kg/ha or pre-plant Fluchloralin or pre-emanant Penimethalin at 1.0 kg/ha has also proven to be extremely efficient.
Irrigation/Watering in Cumin Farming
Light watering is often required post-planting the seeds and from there on second irrigation ought to be applied 7 to 10 days post irrigation. Subsequent irrigation ought to be given relying on the kind of soil and climatic conditions. Last heavy irrigation ought to be given at the time of seed formation. Better to keep away from irrigation during the time of seed filling since it increases the chances of the occurrence of blight, powdery mildew, and aphid infestation.
Manures and Fertilizers in Cumin Farming
12 to 15 tons of ranch yard manure is ought to be enhanced at the time of soil or land preparation. Subsequently, P2O5 portion of 20 kg/ha can be applied at the time of seed sowing, N of 30 kg/ha ought to be applied as top P2O5 dressing either in 2 equivalent parts or can be given a single portion in 30 days post sowing of seeds.
Harvesting and Yield of Cumin
Prior to harvesting, Field is cleaned and wilt impacted plants are eliminated. Harvesting is finished by cutting the cumin plants with the sickle. The plants are ought to be stacked on a clean floor for sun-drying. Post-sun-drying, seeds can be separated by light beating with sticks.
A normal yield of 5 quintals per hectare is attainable under proper irrigation management. Improved commercial varieties might even yield up to 7.5 to 8 quintals per hectare.
Post-Harvest Management Cumin Seed Farming
New cumin seeds are supposed to be sun-dried and afterward cleaned by utilizing gravity separators. Then, at that point, cumin seeds must be arranged, graded, and then filled in disinfected gunny sacks and put away for marketing.
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Utkarsh Integrated Fertilizer Management
in Cumin Cultivation
Fertilizer & Spray Program for 1 acre
Cumin/Jeera Fertigation Schedule
|Stage of crop||
|Time for use||Name of products||Quantity in kg/liter|
|Before sowing||Soil application||Basal dose||FYM||4-6 t/acre|
|Marvelz – G||10 kg/acre|
|Seed treatment||At sowing||
|After germination||Soil application||After 7 days||Urea||25 kg/acre|
|Soil Application||At 30 days after
|Marvelz – G||10 kg/acre|
|Combi Soil||10 kg/acre|
|Growth Stage||Spraying||At 35-40
|Prime All||2 gm/litre water|
|Stress Free||1 ml/litre|
|Just before last irrigation||Spraying||55 days after
|Horse power||15 ml/litre|
|After last irrigation||Spraying||65 days after
|Spraying||75 days after
|Stress Free||2 ml/litre|
|Neemoz CP||4 ml/liter|
To know more about Profitable Cumin cultivation, Watch our webinar recording of Profitable Cumin Farming:
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